South Sudan is recovering from decades of civil war, which exacted a heavy toll on the country and its people. Many challenges face this new nation, including weak infrastructure and government institutions. In addition, South Sudan will need to de-mobilize thousands of ex-combatants and reintegrate internally displaced peoples and refugees.
According to the United Nations, South Sudan has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world, rates for women are particularly low. In schools, the language of instruction has shifted from Arabic to English, even though the majority of teachers are not fluent in English and have little or no formal teacher training.