Decades of conflict have exacted a heavy toll on the people of Sudan. Many adults and children have not had the opportunity to attend school or training programs. As a result, the national literacy rate is one of the lowest in the world. Women have been particularly affected. While primary school enrollment has increased fourfold since the signing of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) in 2005, the need for classrooms and trained teachers remains an enormous challenge to get the education system functioning again. WUSC supports the integration of returnees to Southern Sudan by working to enhance socio-economic conditions among the population through access to improved education and relevant basic vocational training.